Beijing 2022 Olympic Winter Games greet the arrival of spring

The Beijing 2022 Olympic Winter Games 北京冬奥会běijīng dōngàohuì, officially opened on 4 February 2022. According to Chinese traditions, all opening dates need to be chosen with special care. Actually, February 4th 2022 is 立春 lìchūn,the first of the twenty-four solar terms 节气 jiéqì included in the Chinese calendar. 立春 lìchūn, announces that “Spring Begins”.

The traditional Chinese lunisolar calendar includes the entire twenty-four solar terms 节气 jiéqì. Each of these solar terms matches a particular astronomical event or signifies some natural phenomenon. The points are spaced 15° apart along the ecliptic and are used by lunisolar calendars to stay synchronised with the seasons, which is crucial for ancient agrarian societies.

On December 1 2016, the solar terms were listed by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage. The opening ceremony of the Beijing 2022 Olympic Winter Games greeted the arrival of spring with a beautiful countdown of twenty-four solar terms. Let’s take a look.

Here is the list of the twenty-four solar terms which reflect the nature's poetry throughout the year.



Chinese

name

English

name (Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics official translation)

Gregorian

Date in 2022

(± 1 day)

​Literal meaning

立春

lìchūn

Beginning of Spring

Feb 4

Spring Begins

雨水

yǔshuǐ

Rain Water

Feb 19

​More Rain Than Snow

惊蛰

jīngzhé

Awakening of Insects

Mar 6

Hibernating Animals Awaken

春分

chūnfēn

Spring Equinox

​Mar 21

Spring Center

​清明

qīngmíng

Pure Brightness

Apr 5

Clear and Bright

谷雨

gǔyǔ

Grain Rain

Apr 20

Wheat Rain

立夏

lìxià

Beginning of Summer

May 6

Summer Begins

小满

xiǎomǎn

​Grain Buds

May 21

Creatures Plenish

​芒种

mángzhòng

​Grain in Ear

Jun 6

​Seeding Millet

夏至

xiàzhì

Summer Solstice

Jun 21

​Summer Maximum

小暑

xiǎoshǔ

Minor Heat

Jul 7

​A bit Sweltering

​大暑

dàshǔ

Major heat

Jul 23

Most Sweltering

立秋

lìqiū

Beginning of Autumn

Aug 8

Autumn Begins

处暑

chǔshǔ

​End of Heat

Aug 23​

Heat Withdraws

白露

báilù

White Dew

Sep 8

Dews

秋分

qiūfēn

Autumn Equinox

Sep 23

Autumn Center

寒露

hánlù

Cold Dew

​Oct 8

Cold Dews

霜降

shuāngjiàng

Frost's Descent

Oct 23

Frost

立冬

lìdōng

Beginning of Winter

Nov 7

Winter Begins

​小雪

xiǎoxuě

Minor Snow

​Nov 22

Snows a bit

大雪

dàxuě

Major Snow

Dec 7

Snows a lot

冬至

dōngzhì

Winter Solstice

Dec 22

Winter Maximum

小寒

xiǎohán

Minor Cold

Jan 6

A bit Frigid

大寒

dàhán

Major Cold

​Jan 20

​Most Frigid

Source : wikipedia

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